Demographics and Risks


Lead Author(s): 

William G. Ward, Sr., MD
David J. Sheedy, MPH
Elaine G. Russell, PhD, RN

Supporting Author(s): 

Sylvia I. Watkins-Castillo, PhD

Soft tissue sarcomas can be found among all ages, with the risk of developing soft tissue cancer very small, ranging from 0.33% at 20 years to 0.17% at 75 years of age. However, due to the smaller population count in older cohorts, the share of cases diagnosed after the age of 55 is larger than in younger cohorts. (Reference Table 6A.A.1.3.1 PDF CSV, Table 6A.A.1.3.2 PDF CSV, and Table 6A.A.1.6.2 PDF CSV)

The rate at which males are diagnosed with soft tissue sarcomas has historically been higher than for females, with corresponding increases or decreases found in both sexes. The most recent rates from the NCI are for the year 2014 and are 4.1/100,000 for males and 2.9/100,000 for females. Males are diagnosed with soft tissue sarcomas at a slightly higher age than females. (Reference Table 6A.A.1.1.3 PDF CSV and Table 6A.A.1.7 PDF CSV)

Blacks are diagnosed an average of eight years earlier than those who are white. In the 1970s and 1980s, the incidence rates for soft tissue sarcomas was slightly higher among the black population than for the white population. However, in the early 1990s a shift was observed and today incidence rates are higher among whites. In 2014, the rates were 3.5 and 3.3 per 100,000 persons, respectively, for whites and blacks. (Reference Table 6A.A.1.7 PDF CSV and Table 6A.A.1.1.4 PDF CSV)



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